FAQ - Protection Visas
The Onshore protection part of the Refugee and Humanitarian Program gives you options if you believe you are owed protection after arrival in Australia.
You can apply for protection if you are already in Australia if one of the following applies to you:
- you meet the United Nations definition of a refugee, as defined in the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol (Refugees Convention)
- you are owed protection under other international human rights treaties and conventions because there is a real risk that you will suffer from significant harm if returned to your country (complementary protection)
As a member of the international community, Australia shares responsibility for protecting refugees and helping to resolve refugee situations. We express this commitment through our Refugee and Humanitarian Program. The program has two parts:
- The Onshore protection offers protection component for persons already in Australia who are found to be a refugee according to the Refugee Convention or who meet the C.P test.
- The Offshore resettlement component for persons outside Australia who are subject to persecution or substantial discrimination.
The Offshore resettlement part of the Refugee and Humanitarian Programme brings people to Australia to live. We offer three types of permanent visas:
- Refugee visas
- Special humanitarian visas
- visas granted under the Community Proposal Pilot.
A protection visa holder with Condition 8559 attached to their visa must apply to the Department for permission to travel to their home country, or country from which they sought protection, before they depart.
See Refugee or Humanitarian Program Visa Processing Times for offshore humanitarian and onshore protection.